Persian Santur Santoor Instrument
Santour is a stringed instrument of Iranian music. The culture of Dehkhoda recognizes the santor as follows: It is a trapezoidal Persian instrument that has many strings and is played with two wooden wounds (mezrab). The most common type of Santoor (9-stringed) has 72 strings, which are divided into 4 groups of 18 categories. Based on studies and researches, Santour is considered as one of the oldest instruments in Iran; The oldest surviving evidence of this instrument is from Assyrian and Babylonian stone carvings (559 BC). In these stone carvings, a line of ceremonies erected in honor of Assyrian Banipal, an instrument that bears a strong resemblance to a Santoor, can be seen in the middle of that line. Santour is a completely Iranian instrument, which some attribute to Abu Nasr al-Farabi, who, like Barbat, later took another Iranian instrument abroad. Some scholars believe that the Santoor went to other Asian countries in ancient times, such as today in Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, Pakistan, India, Tajikistan, China, Vietnam, Korea, Ukraine and other countries. It is also played in Central Asia and Greece.